Greenny : Mission

Artificial Intelligence could save the environment. Not destroy it.

By: Nehemie Yesashimwe

Physicist Stephen Hawking, Microsoft founder Bill Gates, and Space X founder Elon Musk have expressed concerns about the possibility that AI could develop to the point that humans could not control it; with Hawking theorizing that this could spell the end of the human race.

I don’t think AI will spell the end of the human race. I believe it will save us instead. AI will have pros and cons, just like the industrial revolution and other disruptive technologies the world has had before. All we need is to be careful about how we use it; as we currently control nuclear power or any other risky business.

Why we need AI

A lot of things we need depend on computers and robots. So, we should welcome the disadvantages of using these machines should because nothing is perfect. We will have to learn how to cope with whatever comes up with AI because its need will not go low. It will grow as days go on.

We need AI: 

Why Rwanda needs AI for the environment 

Rwanda will mainly need to use AI to forecast agricultural patterns: rain intensities, droughts, crop resilience, irrigation water, pests, and plot sizes.

Rwanda’s protected areas will also need AI for security reasons of endangered species in the parks [such as lions, rhinos, tigers, and elephants]. We will need AI for tourist rescue missions, as well as for forest protection against cutting by illegal charcoal manufacturers.

Often we don’t know how much rain will fall and hence lack the chance to time cropping seasons or to practice erosion control measures. As a consequence, we face devastating disasters like the ones we had in 2018.

In 2018 alone, Rwanda had deadly mudslides and floods that took lives of 234 people and wounded 268 more. Artificial Intelligence could help us predict events like these, hence giving us more time to adapt, if not to mitigate.
Since 2016, Rwanda has tried to fight the effects of climate change hasn’t found a sustainable remedy. While the solution includes moving away from high-risk zones, we need AI to help us accurately map where the safe zones are, and where the risky zones could be in the future.

What we should do now 

Since Rwanda doesn’t have much data ready for AI analysis, and since computer literacy is still basic among Rwandans, IT education is crucial in catching up. At all costs, we have to stand tall in the face of environmental issues that are hampering our development. AI can help!